Category Archives: Child rights

Rights of children as per United Nations

We all have witnessed children begging on streets barefoot, with tattered clothes. Such sights are always disturbing. Every child deserves to enjoy pleasures of childhood, but is often exposed to child abuse. Child abuse exists all over the world and has taken its most disastrous form. Children are abused physically, emotionally as well as sexually.

According to a health survey, 65% of school children have faced physical or verbal bullying. Sexual violence has also been reported in millions of children under the age of 18. To stop this brutality from happening to children, United Nations convention on human rights have listed down child rights in three parts and 54 articles. Following are some of the basic rights stated by United Nations.

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  • Right to education: Education is an essential part of child development. It increases intellectual abilities among children, and also plays an important role in developing moral and social values. Several NGOs are working towards ensuring every child gets his right to education.
  • Right to protection: According to United Nations, children have the right to protection from any kind of physical, sexual, or emotional abuse. Right to safe places for children to play is also included under this section. Exploitation and discrimination in any form is a violation of this right.
  • Right to provision: This right includes an adequate standard of living for children, healthcare facilities, proper nourishment, and access to schooling. Right to provision plays a crucial role in developing physical abilities.

Right to Provision

To ensure that every child has access to all the basic rights, several NGO’s  like CRY are working in the direction of helping children. Volunteers and organisations are creating awareness against child exploitation with the help of campaigns and missions. Such organisations also have donation programmes, where you can also contribute your part to this noble cause.

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Protection of Child Rights is Crucial to Global Development

Have you ever noticed how a smile on a child’s face makes you smile too? What happens when you see a child cry? It’s heart-wrenching to see any child cry, giving off a detestable feeling. Many children are destined to be born to parents who can give them a world full of happiness while there are others whose parents can barely even look after them. Some children do not even have the good fortune of being raised by their parents. While the count of such children across the world is difficult to gather, it is of utmost importance for ensure that these children enjoy the freedom they deserve.

Children across the world struggle with injustice that, further, leads to more problems. Poverty and lack of education are some of the most common issues faced by children which leaves them wandering on the streets as beggars or slaves in factories under inhumane conditions. A few others lead a life without any purpose and guidance, turning them into thieves, terrorist, or drug distributors. Many of the children are kidnapped and their body parts sold for organ trade. Child trafficking is another criminal activity in which children are abused for sexual exploitation or brainwashed into becoming terrorists.

There are numerous NGOs worldwide that are working towards bringing the existence of children to normalcy. Smile Foundation in India focuses on providing education to children along with their families and communities to bring about a change in the society. CRY is an Ngo that works for child rights in UK and supports initiatives which aim at restoring the rights of children, mentally and physically challenged children, the girl child, etc. Save the Children in the USA provides health, emergency, and education programs in order to create a better future for children.

In any country, children oriented programs hold top-most priority. Every child is as precious as the other, irrespective of which caste or strata of society he or she belongs to. As stated by the United Nations Convention, freedom is entitled as the fundamental right of every child without discrimination of any type. Children are the future of the society and require a harmonious environment where they receive love, understanding, and happiness. Thus, it is important for every country to improve the living conditions of children, especially with regard to developing countries. After all, children are the future leaders!

Earn more than just money from work!

 

Living in an era where one is typically judged by the quality of their car and the size of their paycheck, joining a line of work that pays less by principle is perhaps more than just an aberration. However, for a chosen number of people, this is more of a calling as such a profession allows one to serve those who haven’t had it as easy as us. Perhaps the best examples of this are NGOs. So whether you are just reading up or intend to join one, here’s what to keep in mind!

The basics of it!

An NGO, which also stands for a non-governmental organization, is a body that is involved in targeting and helping out a particular demographic of society which faces a socio-economic or environmental problem. This could include anything from victims of domestic violence, rape victims, displaced refugees from a conflict zones and so on. The task of the charity is to formulate ways to bring in support and visibility to their cause, thereby attempting to improve their standards of living and make things easier for them.

How they work

Work at such a place would involve a myriad number of tasks, from collecting old items from homes to appealing shops to donate stock, setting up drives and camps at colleges and even speaking to the press through bytes or social media. One’s daily job, for instance, could be about curating posts regarding the violations of child rights for the NGO’s Facebook page or Twitter handle.

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Why work here?

Working at any such place improves one’s appreciation for the problems that plague society and instils compassion and understanding within us. Moreover, in terms of professional appeal, employers can find it interesting to find experience in such a field, as it proves your penchant for patience when dealing with difficult and wary people, something most corporate giants have to excel at handling.

Where to start?

There are plenty of prominent NGOs here, such as CRY UK, which represents the British chapter of the globally known CRY. One must simply go in with an open mind and attempt to help as much as possible. Because in this field, help is not just sought but urgently required.

Fight for the safety of future generations!

Living in the modern world has seen humans accomplish some breath-taking feats and achieve great heights in fields like science and art. However, despite exponential progress and countless testaments to being the toughest species on the planet, there are a number of socio-political problems that continue to plague societies worldwide. While some, such as extremism and poverty, tend to get global coverage, others such as the issue of child labour are yet overlooked. So for those who wish to know about the situation around child rights, here are the essentials!

Knowing them

With the rising levels of nefarious activities like prostitution, child trafficking, forced beggary, bonded labour and even delinquency pervading the world, the United Nations found it necessary to articulate and officialise the fundamental rights of children. This has been done through the Convention for the Rights of the Child, which outlines the following four fundamental child rights as a precedent for all legal purposes and framework to work with. These are:

  • The right to survival (to life, health, nutrition, name and nationality)
  • The right to protection (from exploitation, abuse and neglect)
  • The right to development (to education, care, leisure, recreation and cultural activities)
  • The right to participation (for expression, information, thought and religion)

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Problems faced in real-life

The rights are meant to be a guide, having influenced CPS laws in the US and labour laws in India. However, there are countless cases where these rights are simply denied to children being oppressed under any situation. While sometimes it is businesses that spearhead this opposition, at other times it may be lack of action from governments themselves.

Acting on them

The rights of children are something that can only be protected with acute awareness and action. Working in tandem with the local authorities or the police can help in seeking and rescuing kids being denied these privileges. One may also approach NGOs like CRY India to seek assistance as well.

 

Change the numbers in a child’s favour!

Despite the idea that a majority of the world’s contemporary problems have been solved through technology and socio-political progress, there continue to be several teething issues that still thrive in society, with the challenges posed to underprivileged children being one such example today. With more youngsters out there than there NGOs to protect them, the battle is an uphill task. So if you are just reading up or would like to get acquainted with the scenario facing children, here’s what to know!

 

A look at numbers

Based on trends and existing numbers around India regarding childrenstatistics are as follows:

  • Just over half (54%) of the existing children have immunization at the district level.
  • 4 of every 5 children in India are anaemic.
  • 22% of children are born with a lower than average body weight.
  • 47 of every 1000 children in India perish before their first year completes.
  • 1 out of every 2 children in India are malnourished.

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The situation does not change much even in the First World. Extensive documenting of child statistics CRY America and other NGOs have done show the reality of the two primary problems plaguing American children; abuse and neglect.

  • 60% of victims who suffer abuse have shown signs of neglect when rescued.
  • Only 43 of every 1000 children managed to extract a complete investigation by CPS agencies based on tip-offs, calls and reports from neighbours or confidants; an alarming rate of only 4 children being tended to for every hundred calls.
  • About 12% of juveniles residing currently in the United States of America have received roughly some degree of maltreatment and victimization.

 

When it comes to this problem of underprivileged children, CRY America’s findings are just about the tip of the iceberg. So a number of measures are required to tackle this, namely:

  • Increasing the amount of neighbourhood watch programs to nip instance of violence, abuse and exploitation.
  • Drafting stricter legislation to allow building a strong case in any lawsuit involving children.
  • Exercising sensitization among school administrators and teachers when it comes to children from difficult backgrounds.

So fight for the next generation’s rights!

Set a young life right!

We live in an age where most people advocate for increased transparency and accountability at all levels of private enterprise and government. However, the entire process of holding someone accountable for everything they say, do, subscribe to and commit unlawfully has its own unintended side-effects. Marginalizing one of mankind’s most important resources, its offspring, is one such effect.

Children are the fastest-growing and even the most vulnerable segment of the demographics that currently exist on Earth. As a result of their legally ambiguous state and lack of a physical ability to seek help, they are often susceptible to nefarious issues such as prostitution, trafficking and even delinquency.

Because of their young state and a trend of allowing adults to make decisions for them, children can seldom make their own choices. Thus very often cases of mistreatment are either hushed up or underreported.

To address this growing problem, several bodies have swung into action over the past 40 years. The UN-mandated Convention for the Rights of the Child carefully illustrates certain rights of children, allowing for better precedent toward their protection.

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The rights

In terms of verbal choice, the spectrum of allowing culpability and any prosecution enough teeth to fight for a child, the child rights are kept as wide as legal terminology allows to assure maximum power to them. They are, namely:

  • The right to survival (the rights to life, health, nutrition, name and nationality)
  • The right to protection (protection from exploitation, abuse and neglect)
  • The right to development (development with respect to education, care, leisure, recreation and cultural activities)
  • The right to participation (participation in society for expression, information, thought and religion)

While these children’s rights may seem at first glance, a tad too simplistic, it must be noted that this has inherently allowed a simple template to countries for formulating their own child protection laws. Many nations such as the US, UK or India have a variety of laws regarding children involved in divorces, cases of abuse and even labour, based on these rights.

 

So know their rights to help them in an everyday fight!

Beating the numbers with effort!

Despite everything that may suggest how things are quite completely under control with technology and communication, the true fact is that the modern world is besieged by innumerable real-world problems that continue to plague every layer of its society, such as the exploitation of classes based on monetary control. Perhaps one of the most afflicted due to these are children, whose true plight is visible only through a comprehensive look at the statistics of children CRY America and other NGOs release periodically.

The situation in India

Some child statistics CRY America has collated to gauge the situation for children in the East and West respectively:

  • 47 of every 1000 children in India perish before their first year of life completes.
  • 1 out of every 2 children in India are malnourished.
  • 4 of every 5 children in India are anaemic.
  • About 22% of children are born with a lower body weight than average
  • Only about 54% of children have immunization at the district level.

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However, the situation is no different elsewhere around the world. Children’s statistics don’t exaggerate, with the documentation of underprivileged children CRY America has collated allowing us a closer look at the primary problems befalling children in the West; abuse and neglect:

  • About 12% of the juvenile population in the United States of America has faced maltreatment and been victimized to some extent.
  • Only about 43 of every 1000 children have received a proper investigation by CPS agencies based on tip-offs, complaints and reports filed on their behalf; an appalling rate of 4 children for every hundred distress calls dispatched by complainants.
  • 60% of abuse victims reported and rescued had shown signs of neglect.

 

In a scenario like these, a slew of measures is needed indeed to tackle the menace, such as follows:

  • Sensitization of schools toward children from difficult backgrounds
  • Increased social watch programming to report instances of exploitation
  • Better legal protection to build a case against perpetrators swiftly to name a few!

The odds may be stacked against children but a focused effort can turn things around!